What Are The Different Types of Leave for Employees?

In addition to vacation days and sick leaves, what are the different types of leave employees are entitled to? Employees need time away from work for many types of situations. Whether it’s time off from work to deal with an ailing family member or take care of a newborn, employees will request the time they need from their employer. In this article, you’ll find the different types of leave – many are paid or unpaid; some are legally mandated leaves to be available, others are voluntarily offered by employers.


A. Legally Mandated Leaves

If you’re looking for clarity regarding the legally mandates types of leave for employees then the information found below can be of great benefit to you.

1. Medical leave: Employee or Family Member

Under the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), employees are eligible to receive job and benefit protections including up to 12 weeks of leave annually to deal with their own illness o their immediate family member’s or assist an immediate family member for qualifying exigencies related to military service.

The FMLA also separately provides up to 26 weeks of leave to take care of an injured military service member.

2. Jury Duty

While the law actually forbids taking action against an employee for serving on a federal jury, it has been interpreted to mean that employers must allow employees to serve jury duty without negatives consequences. At the federal leave, there is no requirement to pay nonexempt employees while they’re on jury duty, but be sure to verify state and local laws.

3. ADA Leave

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to provide an employee who has a physical or mental disability, or a record of such a disability, with a workplace accommodation or modification that will enable the employee to perform his or her duties.

4. Military Leave

The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) mandates that employers provide leaves of absence and to re-employ workers who enter military service while employed.

5. Religious Observance

 An employer with 15 or more employees must allow flexible work schedules or make-up time to employees requesting time off to observe a religious holiday.

Note: Vacation and sick days are not legally required at the federal level.

Many state and local laws provide more protections and benefits for employees in terms of legally mandated leave.

B. Other Leave Options

Here are some examples of more types of leave.

  • Parental leave
  • Bereavement leave
  • Hardship leave
  • Leave for victims of certain crimes
  • Pregnancy and/or pregnancy disability
  • Vacation days
  • Sick days
  • Adoption leave
  • Childbirth
  • Childcare
  • Adoption leave
  • Personal leave
  • Administrative leave
  • Volunteer work
  • Pawternity leave (We wish we were joking!)
  • Temporary disability leave
  • Leave to appear in a court as a witness
  • Comp time to compensate for extra hours worked

As made clear by the information above, employees are entitled to different types of leave which employers are required to offer by law. By reading the information about the different employee leave types you can gain a better insight of which employee benefits you should be providing.

Anna Verasai
Anna Versai is a Team Writer at The HR Digest; she covers topics related to Recruitment, Workplace Culture, Interview Tips, Employee Benefits, HR News and HR Leadership. She also writes for Technowize, providing her views on the Upcoming Technology, Product Reviews, and the latest apps and softwares.

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