What is Human Resources (HR)? : What is HR For?

Human resources or HR is the department of a company assigned to find, screen, recruit, and train job applicants and implement the employee-benefit programs of the company. The Human Resources department plays a vital role in helping organizations deal with a fast-changing environment and suffice the demand for quality employees.

The HR department is also responsible for advising the senior managerial staff about the impact on people of their financial, planning, and performance decisions. Managers don’t much discuss the effects of their decisions on the workforce, and it is the HR that disseminates the information. Human Resources evolved from the term ‘personnel’, as the responsibilities of the HR moved beyond paying employees and managing employee benefits.

What is HR

The responsibilities of an HR include compensation and benefits, recruitment, firing, and being updated with laws that may affect an organization and its employees. Many companies, nowadays, have shifted from the traditional in-house HR administrative duties and started outsourcing tasks like payroll and benefits to outside vendors. An HR department helps to maintain the core values and culture of an organization.

Why is HR Important?

An HR department is an essential part of business or organization and exists in every company regardless of its size. The HR department focuses on maximizing employee productivity and protecting the company from any issues that may arise from the workforce.

The HR is mostly entitled to the following activities primarily:

  • Managing and using people effectively
  • Combining performance appraisal and compensation to competencies
  • Developing performance and skills that enhance individual and organizational performance
  • Increase the innovation, creativity, and flexibility necessary to enhance competitiveness
  • Apply new approaches to work, career development, and inter-organizational mobility
  • Manage the implementation and integration of technology through improved staffing, training, and communication with employees

HR departments implement human resource management strategies for enhancing productivity. The human resources management process is a strategic and comprehensive approach for managing employees and handling the culture and environment of an organization.

The HR department is also involved in improving the organization’s workforce by recommending processes, approaches and business solutions to management.

Evolution of HRM

With the advancement of organizational set-up, the duties and responsibilities of an HR professional have increased. As such, there is also an increase in demand for the HR professional and people who possess more specific expertise in one or more areas. Some of the career titles associated with the HR department include:

  • Training development specialist
  • HR manager
  • Benefits specialist
  • Human resource generalist
  • Employment services manager
  • Compensation and job analysis specialist
  • Training and development manager
  • Recruiter
  • Benefits counselor
  • Personnel analyst

Some of the activities of the HR professional in brief:

Addressing Employee Concerns

Unlike the managers or supervisors who supervise the day-to-day work of employees, the HR departments deal with employee concerns like benefits, pay, employee investments, pension plans, and training. Their work also includes settling workplace conflicts between employees or between the employees and their managers.

Recruiting New Employees

The human resource management team hires potential employees, oversees the hiring process and provides new employee orientation.

Managing Employee Separation Process 

The HR professionals carry out the tasks that follow when an employee quits, is fired, or is laid off. They carry out the paperwork to ensure that the processes are carried out legally. They oversee the requirements for the smooth exit of an employee, like severance pay, settlement of benefits, and oversees severe of access to company resources like keys, badges, computers, or sensitive materials from the employee.

Improving Morale

An efficient HR professional sees that the company employees perform their best, which contributes to the overall success of an organization. Their work involves rewarding employees for excellent performance with appraisals and creating a positive work environment in the organization.

What is HR Human Resources


Human Resource Planning

When 71% of CEOs consider that their employees are the utmost significant factor in their company’s economic success, it’s cool to understand the prominence of the human resource management planning process—the process by which organizations regulate how to appropriately staff to meet business desires and customer demands. Despite the obvious necessity, many organizations do not have a strategic human resource planning process in place, with nearly a third of HR professionals saying their department prerequisite to progress strategic alignment.

If you’ve measured developing an HR planning process, you’re in the right place. This post will enlighten what this process entails and how you can document your strategic plan. You’ll be satisfying positions and growing as a company in no time.

Strategic human resource planning

In order to progress the strategic orientation of staff and other resources, it’s crucial to recognize how a strategic HR planning process works. At its utmost basic level, strategic human resource planning confirms satisfactory staffing to meet your organization’s operational goals, matching the right people with the right skills at the correct time.

It’s central to ask where your organization stands presently and where it is going in order to continue flexible. Each company’s plan will expression somewhat diverse depending on its current and future essentials, but there is a basic structure that you can follow to safeguard you’re on the right track.

The strategic human resource planning process begins with a valuation of existing staffing, including whether it fits the organization’s necessities, and then moves on to predicting future staffing needs based on business goals. From there, you’ll essential to align your organization’s strategy with employment planning and implement the plan not only to hire new employees but also to retain and appropriately train the new hires—and your current employees—based on business changes.

Recite on to acquire more about each of the steps of the process in aspect to recognize the strategic human resource management planning process in its entirety.

1. Assess current HR capacity

The prime step in the human resource planning process is to weigh your current staff. Before making any moves to appoint new employees for your organization, it’s imperative to understand the talent you already have at your disposal. Advance a skills inventory for each of your current employees.

You can prepare this in a number of ways, such as asking employees to self-evaluate with a questionnaire, looking over past performance reviews, or using an approach that associations the two.

2. Forecast HR requirements

Once you have a complete inventory of the resources you previously have at your disposal, it’s time to instigate forecasting future needs. Will your company requirement to grow its human resources in number? Will you prerequisite to twig to your current staff but progress their productivity through competence or new skills training? Are there potential employees available in the marketplace?

It is chief to assess both your company’s demand for qualified employees and the supply of those employees either within the organization or outside of it. You’ll essential to sensibly manage that supply and demand.

Demand forecasting

Demand predicting is the detailed process of shaping future human resources needs in terms of quantity—the number of employees desirable—and quality—the caliber of aptitude required to meet the company’s current and future needs.

Supply forecasting

Supply estimating regulates the current resources obtainable to meet the demands. With your earlier skills inventory, you’ll distinguish which employees in your organization are accessible to meet your current demand. You’ll also hunger to look outside of the organization for potential hires that can encounter the needs not fulfilled by employees already present in the organization.

Matching demand and supply

Corresponding the demand and supply is where the hiring process gets awkward—and where the rest of the human resources management planning process comes into place. You’ll improve a plan to link your organization’s claim for quality staff with the supply presented in the market. You can accomplish this by training current employees, hiring new employees, or combining the two approaches.

3. Develop talent strategies

After shaping your company’s staffing needs by assessing your current HR capacity and calculating supply and demand, it’s time to begin the process of developing and accumulation talent. Talent development is a vital part of the strategic human resources management process.


In the recruitment segment of the talent development process, you instigate the search for applicants that match the skills your company requirements. This phase can comprise posting on job websites, searching social networks like LinkedIn for qualified potential employees, and inspiring current employees to endorse people they identify who might be a good fit.


Once you have associated with a pool of qualified applicants, demeanor interviews and skills evaluations to define the best fit for your organization. If you have suitably forecasted supply and demand, you should have no distress finding the right people for the right roles.


Resolve the final candidates for the open positions and spread offers.

Training and development

After hiring your fresh employees, carry them on board. Organize training to grow them up to speed on your company’s procedures. Reassure them to remain to develop their skills to fit your company’s needs as they change. Find more concepts on how to mature your own employee onboarding process.

Employee remuneration and benefits administration

Retain your existing employees and new hires pleased by offering competitive salary and benefit packages and by suitably rewarding employees who go above and beyond. Retaining upright employees will save your company a lot of time and money in the long run.

Performance management

Institute regular performance reviews for all employees. Recognize triumphs and areas of enhancement. Keep employees performing well with incentives for good performance.

Employee relations

A strong company culture is essential in fascinating top talent. Beyond that, make certain your company is continuing a safe work environment for all, focusing on employee health, safety, and quality of work life.

4. Review and evaluate

Once your human resource management process plan has been in place for a set amount of time, you can appraise whether the plan has facilitated the company to accomplish its goals in factors like production, profit, employee retention, and employee satisfaction. If everything is running effortlessly, continue with the plan, but if there are roadblocks along the way, you can always change up unlike aspects to improved suit your company’s needs.


Whether you want to stay up-to-date on HR news, read in-depth HR articles, or find new ideas on strategy, innovation, and leadership, The HR Digest Magazine is here to suit your needs and help you stay more informed.

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Diana Coker
Diana Coker is a staff writer at The HR Digest, based in New York. She also reports for brands like Technowize. Diana covers HR news, corporate culture, employee benefits, compensation, and leadership. She loves writing HR success stories of individuals who inspire the world. She’s keen on political science and entertains her readers by covering usual workplace tactics.

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